試験科目：「National Council Licensure Examination(NCLEX-PN)」
問題と解答：全725問 NCLEX-PN テスト問題集
NO.1 Teaching about the need to avoid foods high in potassium is most important for which client?
A. a client receiving diuretic therapy
B. a client with renal disease
C. a client with an ileostomy
D. a client with metabolic alkalosis
NCLEX-PN 保証 NCLEX-PN 受験
Clients with renal disease are predisposed to hyperkalemia and should avoid foods high in potassium.
Choices 1, 2, and 3 are incorrect because clients receiving diuretics with ileostomy or with metabolic
alkalosis are at risk for hypokalemia and should be encouraged to eat foods high in potassium.
NO.2 If a client has chronic renal failure, which of the following sexual complications is the client at
risk of developing?
A. state of euphoria
B. decreased plasma testosterone
C. hypertrophy of testicles
D. retrograde ejaculation
Untreated chronic renal failure causes decreased testosterone levels, atrophy of testicles, and
decreased spermatogenesis. Retrograde ejaculation is not a complication of chronic renal failure. It is
a complication of transurethral resection of the prostate. In chronic renal failure, the testicles
atrophy; they do not hypertrophy. Chronic renal failure produces a state of depression, not
euphoria.Health Promotion and Maintenance
NO.3 The drug of choice to decrease uric acid levels is:
A. hydrochlorothiazide (HydroDiuril).
B. allopurinol (Zyloprim).
C. prednisone (Colisone).
D. indomethacin (Indocin).
NCLEX-PN 必殺 NCLEX-PN テスト
Allopurinol is a drug used to treat gout, and it decreases uric acid formation. Prednisone is a
corticosteroid used to decrease inflammation. Indomethacin is an analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and
antipyretic agent. Hydrochlorothiazide is a thiazide diuretic used to treat hypertension and edema.
NO.4 Levothyroxine (Synthroid) is the drug of choice for thyroid replacement therapy in clients with
A. it has a short half-life.
B. it is chemically stable, nonallergenic, and can be administered orally once a day.
C. it is available in a single 25mg tablet, which makes dosing simple.
D. it is not a prodrug.
Levothyroxine is safe and effective with virtually no side effects when dosed properly. A single, daily
dose is possible because of the long half-life (7 days). Levothyroxine tablets are available in a wide
range of concentrations to meet individual client requirements. Levothyroxine (T4) is a prodrug of